simple present

Vamos estudar nesse post o Simple Present. Daremos atenção na sua formação e uso. Teremos também em destaque as sentenças e o áudio.

> SIMPLE PRESENT = (he, she, it) + s

I/you/we/they work like drink live
he/she/it works likes drinks lives

> verbs that end in > ss/sh/ch/x/z/o + es
he/she/it = kisses watches washes fixes goes buzzes finishes 

> verbs that end in > y (preceded by a consonant) y changes to i and es is added.
he/she/it = studies tries flies cries

No change when a y is preceded by a vowel.
he/she/it = plays enjoys

> verb have > he/she/it = has

> Simple Present Usage:

  • for things that are true in general.
  • for things that happen sometimes or all the time.
  • to talk about habits, to talk about fixed times.
  • with verbs that express opinion, agreement/disagreement. (believe, think, mean, agree, desagree).

> when talking about habits, frequency adverbs are often used.

> talking about habits with other expressions of time:
every day/every night/ every week/ on Mondays…/ once a week/ twice a day/three times a month/year.

Examples sentences:

  • I work in an office and my father works in a bank.
  • Jim studies in the afternoon.
  • Robbie plays football on Sundays afternoons.
  • She lives in Canada.
  • It rains a lot in the winter.
  • We often sleep late on weekends.
  • Banks usually open at 9:00 in the morning.
  • The baby cries all night.
  • My son watches TV after lunch.
  • I always listen to the radio.
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • He always arrives late for class.
  • They work hard during the week.
  • Brazilians speak Portuguese.

> Simple Present Negative:

Negative and Short form
I do not work. (I don’t work)
you do not work. (you don’t work)
he does not work. (he doesn’t work)
she does not work. (she doesn’t work)
it does not work. (it doesn’t work)
we do not work. (we don’t work)
you do not work. (you don’t work)
they do not work. (they don’t work)

Examples sentences:

  • He doesn’t play tennis.
  • I don’t eat fish very often.
  • she doesn’t drink coffee.
  • We don’t watch television very often.
  • They don’t know my phone number.
  • My brother doesn’t like soup.
  • I don’t know him.
  • You don’t need a new car.
  • My parents don’t like the food.
  • The restaurant doesn’t open on Sundays.
InterrogativeNegative questions
Do I…?Don’t I…?
Do you…?Don’t you…?
Does he…?Doesn’t he…?
Does she…?Doesn’t she…?
Does it…?Doesn’t it…?
Do we…?Don’t we…?
Do you…?Don’t you…?
Do they…?Don’t they…?

> Wh- questions and word order: Question word + do/does + subject + verb.
Where +do +you+ live?

Examples sentences:

  • Don’t they live in Italy?
  • Do the children study every day?
  • Doesn’t she know about that?
  • Do your friends play soccer at the weekend?
  • Does he live in a big city?
  • Does it rain a lot where you live?
  • Do you play the piano?
  • Doesn’t Angela look tired today?
  • Where does Ashley live?
  • How much does it cost?
  • What does this word mean?
  • How often do you wash your hair?
  • Why does he get up early on Sunday?
Short answers
Yes, I/we/you/they do.
he/she/it does.
No, I/we/you/they don’t.
he/she/it doesn’t.

Examples sentences:

  • Do you play chess? No, I don’t.
  • Do your parents speak English? Yes, they do.
  • Does he work hard? Yes, he does.
  • Do they live in Brazil? Yes, they do.
  • Doesn’t he like chocolate? No, he doesn’t.

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