Verb to be – am/is/are

Vamos estudar nesse post o famoso verbo to be. Daremos atenção na conjugação do presente. Teremos também em destaque a forma curta e o detalhe da pronúncia.

Present – am/is/are

PositiveNegative
I am (I’m)I am not (I’m not)
you are (you’re)you are not (you’re not or you aren’t)
he is (he’s)he is not (he’s not or he isn’t)
she is (she’s)she is not (she’s not or she isn’t)
it is (it’s)it is not (it’s not or it isn’t)
we are (we’re)we are not (we’re not or we aren’t)
you are (you’re)you are not (you’re not or you aren’t)
they are (they’re)they are not (they’re not or they aren’t)
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Examples sentences:

  • My name is Mary. I’m 26 years old. I am not married.
  • I’m American. I am from Chicago.
  • My father is a doctor. My mother is a nurse.
  • We are good friends.
  • It’s seven o’clock. You’re late again.
  • She isn’t at home right now.
  • It’s sunny today.
  • They aren’t happy.
  • You are very tall.
  • We are not ready yet.
  • He is a nice person.
InterrogativeNegative questions
am I…? are you…? is he…? is she…?
is it…? are we…? are you…? are they…?
am I not…? aren’t I…? aren’t you…? isn’t he…? isn’t she…? isn’t it…? aren’t you…? aren’t we…? aren’t they…?

Examples sentences:

  • Is your son thirsty?
  • Am I your best friend?
  • Are your parents at home?
  • Is it cold in your room?
  • Are the children in the classroom?
  • Is she tall?
  • Isn’t she at home right now?
  • Aren’t you from Brazil?
  • Isn’t your brother at home?
  • Aren’t they happy?
  • Am I not smart? ( or Aren’t I smart?)
Short answers
Yes, I am. (not: Yes, I’m)No, I am not. (I’m not).
Yes, you are. No, you are not. (Or) No, you aren’t.
Yes, he is.No, he is not. (Or) No, he isn’t.
Yes, she is.No, she is not. (Or) No, she isn’t.
Yes, it is.No, it is not. (Or) No, it isn’t.
Yes, we are.No, we are not. (Or) No, we aren’t.
Yes, you are.No, you are not. (Or) No, you aren’t.
Yes, they are.No, they are not. No, they aren’t.

Examples sentences:

  • Are your parents at home? No, they aren’t.
  • Are you tired? Yes, I am.
  • Is your brother hungry? No, he isn’t.
  • Are the children happy? Yes, they are.
  • Is she thirsty? No, she isn’t.
  • Isn’t your father sick? Yes, he is.
  • Aren’t you from Mexico? Yes, I am.
  • Are these your books? Yes, they are.
  • Is your son a teenager? Yes, he is.
  • Is it hot today? Yes, it is.

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